we have carried on the rising. Lack of ammunition and weapons forced
us to retreat from fiercely defended houses and streets. We lost the Old
Town and Powisle. We fought fully aware of our complete isolation.
Gradually, with the growing hopelessness of the situation^ the heroic spirit
of the soldiers and people began to weaken. Twenty thousand people have
left the city carrying white flags (from the districts smashed by the enemy),
but those who remained are exhausted to the uttermost limits. All realise
that even after the Capital is freed from the Germans our Gethsemane will
not be ended, there is always the tormenting question : What then ? What
of Poland, of the Home Army, State Authorities, the political and social
life ? What is to be done in face of the calling-up of men by the ' Lublin
Committee * ? And what of the combatant rights for the Home Army ?
"... aid from the Allies is indispensable . . . The only lot of supplies
dropped by the American force was sufficient for two days . . . shortage of
food is so acute now that it is causing starvation, epidemics, typhus,
dysentery are raging . . . winter is approaching . . . we are not able to
assure the minimum conditions of existence to tens of thousands of wronged
people . . . "
On September 28, one of the three main centres of resistance felló-
Mokotow., to be followed two days later by the second, Zoliborz, Only
the city centre was holding out with some 260^000 people, half of this
number were the refugees from the other districts of Warsaw. The food
stock was " about a hundred tons of barley and fifty tons of wheat."
Finally, Warsaw fell, " after having exhausted every means of fighting
and all food supplies, on the sixty-third day of her struggle against the
overwhelming superiority of the enemy. On October 2, at 22.00 hours,
the defenders of Warsaw fired the last shots/5 reported General Bor.
" We have not wanted to spare our blood," broadcast Warsaw in its last
appeal to the peoples of the world. cc But without help, this struggle has
become hopeless. Something has happened for which those who denied
us help are responsible . . . We believe that Warsaw's tragedy will make
plain to the peoples of the world the truth of our political situation ..."
According to the version broadcast by General v. Bach, the German
Officer commanding the assault, four regular German divisions (among
them Goering's Panzer Division and two S.S. Divisions, " Wiking " and
ec Totenkopf "), artillery of an Army Group (that is, scores of heavy
batteries), the air force, units of the S.S. police and fireguards from Krone
and Koepeninck using flame-throwers., had been employed in this action.
In addition, there were the Russian troops (mentioned in Bor's com-
muniques) who had transferred their loyalties to the Germans* and a few
bands of Ukrainians. A force of over six divisions in all. The defenders
had been able to capture 25 tanks and to destroy 250 tanks and self-pro-
pelled guns and inflict heavy losses on the enemy. General Bor-
Komorowski, fearing reprisals against the population and Home Army,
chose to stay with his men. He was captured in the last stronghold and
with him 11,000 men in a large block of buildings stretching down to the
Vistula. The losses of the Home Army in killed and wounded were
1203000, not including the civilian population. The German losses,
according to the statement of their Commander, were even heavier.